Custom Account and User Level Filters
Account and user-level filters control how your incoming email is handled, helping to ensure that you receive more mail and less spam. cPanel allows you to manage filters for each email account on your domain. This can be useful for discarding spam, redirecting mail, or piping messages to a program.
The Account Filter or Global Email Filter creates email filters for all the cPanel's email accounts. In contrast, the User-Level Filter or Email Filter creates email filters for a specific email address.
Adding an Account or User-Level Filter
To create an account or user-level filter:
Log in to cPanel.
Look for the Email section, then look for Email Filters or Global Email Filters according to your preference.
For a user-level filter, select Email Filters and select the email address you wish to add a filter.
For the Account filter, click Global Email Filters.
- For Email Filters, locate the email account you wish to modify, then click Manage Filters.
For Global Email Filters, click Create Filter.
- On the next page, click the Create Filter button.
- Set up your filters. Enter required details:
- In the Filter Name field, enter a name for the filter.
- In the first dropdown menu under Rules, select a message characteristic:
- From - address from which the message was sent
- Subject - the subject line of the message
- To - address to which the message was sent
- Any Recipient - a recipient of the message
- Reply Address - address to which the reply will be sent
- Body - body or content area of the message
- Any Header - a header of the message
- Has Not Been Previously Delivered - affects messages still in queue for delivery
- Is an Error Message - affects error messages received from an auto-response system
- List ID - the account’s mailing lists
- Spam Status - the status SpamAssassin has been conferred on the message; it begins with either "Yes" or "No."
- Spam Bar - the content of the Spam Bar header that SpamAssassin has generated for this message. This header contains plus (+) signs to denote the likelihood that the message is spam; more plus signs mean the message is more likely spam.
- Spam Score - the overall spam score assigned to the message by SpamAssassin, expressed in digits.
- In the adjacent dropdown menu, select an operator.
The following options are only applicable when the Spam Score option is selected:
- contains - contains the string you define
- matches regex - matches a regular expression you define
- does not contain - does not contain the string you define
- equals - exactly match the string you define
- begins with - begins with the string you define
- ends with - ends with the string you define
- does not begin - does not begin with the string you define
- does not end with - does not end with the string you define
- does not match - is not equal to the string you define
- is above (numbers only) - scores greater than the number you define will be subject to the action selected
- is not above (numbers only) - all scores equal to or less than the defined number will be subject to the action selected
- is below (numbers only) - all scores below the defined number will be subject to the action.is not below (numbers only) - all scores greater than or equal to the specified number will be subject to the action
- In the field below, enter the filter or characteristics you wish to use as the filter. (Regular expressions are accepted.)
This rule will target any emails from the sender firstname.lastname@example.org.
You can add and remove rules by clicking the +/- buttons.
- In the Actions dropdown menu, select an action for the rule you created.
- Discard Message - destroys the incoming message with no failure notice
- Redirect to Email - redirects the message to another email address that you specify
- Fail With Message - discards the message and automatically returns a specified failure notice to the sender
- Stop Processing Rules - skips all filter rules
- Deliver to Folder - deposits the message into a specified folder
- Pipe to a Program - sends the incoming message to a program you have specified
When piping to a program, you should enter a path relative to your home directory. If the script requires an interpreter, such as Perl or PHP, you should omit the /usr/bin/Perl or /usr/local/bin/PHP portion. Make sure your script is executable and has the appropriate hashbang.
- #!/usr/local/bin/PHP -q -- For PHP
- #!/usr/bin/Perl -- For Perl.
- Click Create to initialize the filter.
Testing a Custom Filter
To test your email filters:
Navigate to cPanel's Email section, then click Email Filters or Global Email Filters.
For a user-level filter, locate the email account you wish to test, then click Manage Filters.
- In the Filter Test textbox, type a test email message and click Test Filter on the next page. (Be sure to include the characters or words that you have set your filter to catch).
For user-level filter (Email Filters):
For account filter (Global Email Filters):
- When the test is run, the next screen should display the results. This screen summarizes the actions taken by the filter. Again, it is important to read over the data to ensure that the filter produces the desired result.