WordPress Login - Brute Force Attack
Recently, there was a worldwide, highly distributed WordPress attack. This attack was known for using forged or spoofed IP addresses. During the attack, we actively blocked the most common attacking IP addresses across our server farm. If this type of attack happens again, we will again take appropriate measures.
Measures You Can Take to Prevent Similar Attacks
The following steps can be used to secure (by password protection)
wp-login.php for all WordPress sites in your cPanel account. This will help deter this type of attack.
How to Password Protect the wp-login.php File
There are two (2) steps in accomplishing this:
- First, you need to define a password in the
- Activate the security in the
Step 1: Create the Password File
Create a file named
.wpadmin and place it in your home directory, where visitors can't access it. (Please note there is a period preceding the wpadmin in that file name.) The following example is for cPanel. Plesk would require placing the file in
(where "username" is the cPanel username for the account.)
Put the username and encrypted password inside the
.wpadmin file, using the format
(where "john" is a username of your choice, and the password shown is encrypted.)
Option A: Generate Password File & Uploading Via File Manager
One way to do this is to generate the file using the website linked below and then upload it to your site via FTP or File Manager. We will use File Manager in the directions below, but you could use FTP instead for those of you familiar with FTP.
- Visit: http://www.htaccesstools.com/htpasswd-generator/
- Use the form to create the username and password.
- Log in to cPanel in another window or tab.
- Navigate to the Files section, then click on the File Manager icon.
- Go to the public_htlml folder.
- Look for a
- If one exists, right-click on it and select Code Edit to open the editor. Click on the Edit button to edit the file.
- If one does not exist, click on New File at the top of the page, specify the name as
.wpadmin(with the dot at the front) and click on the Create New File button.
- Paste the code provided from the website in step 2.
- Click on the Save Changes button when complete.
- You can Close the file when finished.
Option B: Creating the Password File via SSH / Command Line
To create the encrypted password, you will need to use a utility such as the command-line program htpasswd. More detailed technical information about htpasswd can be found at http://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/programs/htpasswd.html.
An example would be to do this:
htpasswd -c /home/username/.wpadmin john
You would then be prompted to enter the password you wish to use for the username "john" to access the wp-login page. You can then log into the wp-admin interface as you normally would. Many other online tools can be used to convert standard passwords to encrypted for this purpose.
Step 2: Update the .htaccess File
All domains under the home directory will share the common
.wpadmin file. (The command listed in Option B above creates the
/home/username/.wpadmin file due to the
The last step is to place the following code in the
ErrorDocument 401 "Unauthorized Access" ErrorDocument 403 "Forbidden" <FilesMatch "wp-login.php"> AuthName "Authorized Only" AuthType Basic AuthUserFile /home/username/.wpadmin require valid-user </FilesMatch>
Note: replace "username" above with your cPanel username.